Languages, Literatures, and Cultures

Internet Resources

Associations & Other Useful Sites

American Association for Applied Linguistics.

Center for Applied Linguistics.

Eclectic Company. Language and Linguistics.

Linguist List. International Linguistics Community Online.

Linguistic Society of America.

University College of London. Linguistics.

Iowa State University. EServer.

Utrecht Institute of Linguistics. Lexicon of Linguistics.

Yahoo's Listings of Linguistics & Human Languages Web Sites.

Translation Services

Free Translation. is one of the most popular websites of its kind, with in excess of 2 million visitors per week. allows users to obtain free translations of both text and web pages. The translation is generated by a computer, displayed instantly and the user is dynamically shown the cost of having the same text professionally translated by Click2Translate Express. Click2Translate provides high quality language translation services at competitive rates.

Google Language Tools.

Google Translate is a free translation service that provides instant translations between 58 different languages. It can translate words, sentences and web pages between any combination of its supported languages.

When Google Translate generates a translation, it looks for patterns in hundreds of millions of documents to help decide on the best translation for you. By detecting patterns in documents that have already been translated by human translators, Google Translate can make intelligent guesses as to what an appropriate translation should be. This process of seeking patterns in large amounts of text is called "statistical machine translation". Since the translations are generated by machines, not all translation will be perfect. The more human-translated documents that Google Translate can analyse in a specific language, the better the translation quality will be. This is why translation accuracy will sometimes vary across languages.

Yahoo Babelfish

The Babel Fish Translation tool uses machine translation technology to translate sentences in one language into another language. Babel Fish can translate either text or full web pages from the internet.

Machine translation is a computer program which automatically analyzes the meaning of a sentence and attempts to produce a sentence in a different language which conveys the same meaning. No computer program can translate correctly 100% of the time, but machine translation is useful to get the basic ideas of a sentence.