Citation Styles: A Brief Guide to APA, MLA and Turabian

Citing Government Publications

GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS
Citation requirements for government publications are similar to those for books. When citing a government publication provide the author’s names (this might sometimes be a department or agency name), the title of the publication, the place where the document was published, the publishing department or agency, and the date of publication. Many documents issued by the Federal Government are published in Washington, DC, by the United States Government Printing Office. This is often shortened to USGPO or simply GPO.

GOVERNMENT PUBLICATION – AGENCY OR DEPARTMENT REPORT
The following is a published report of the United States Government’s Department of Waste Control that was issued in 1994. The title of this 5,000 page report was Eliminating Paper Waste in Offices of the Federal Government. The report, which was numbered USDWC Publication No. 94-345698A, was published in Washington by the U. S. Government Printing Office.

APA

U.S. Dept. Of Waste Control. (1994). Eliminating paper waste in offices of the federal government (USDWC Publication No. 94-345698A). Washington, DC: USGPO.

MLA

United States. Dept. of Waste Control. Eliminating Paper Waste in Offices of the Federal Government. GPO, 1994.

TUR.

U.S. Department of Waste Control. Eliminating Paper Waste in Offices of the Federal Government. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1994.

GOVERNMENT PUBLICATION – ONLINE
The following report issued by the National Park Service of the Federal Government was made available at the agency’s website and was last updated in 2002. The report was entitled Decorating the White House: Tips from Dolly Madison and Other First Ladies, and was retrieved on March 22, 2008.

APA

U.S. National Park Service. (2002). Decorating the White House: Tips from Dolly Madison and other first ladies. Retrieved March 22, 2008, from http://www.nps.gov/tips.html

MLA

Decorating the White House: Tips from Dolly Madison and Other First Ladies. U.S. National Park Service, 2002, www.nps.gov/tips.html. Accessed 22 March 2008.

TUR.

U.S. National Park Service. Decorating the White House: Tips from Dolly Madison and Other First Ladies. http://www.nps.gov/tips.html (accessed March 22, 2008).

GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS – HEARINGS
The following example represents a hearing held before the congressional committee designated as the Joint Committee on the Establishment of Prisons for Corporate Criminals. The hearing was held during the first session of the 108th Congress from October 14 - October 16, 2002.

APA

Hearing before the Joint Committee on the Establishment of Prison Terms for Corporate Criminals. 108th Cong., 1st Sess. (2002).

MLA

U.S. Congress. Joint Committee on the Establishment of Prison Terms for Corporate Criminals. Hearings. 108th Cong., 1st sess. GPO, 2002.

TUR.

U.S. Congress. Joint Committee on the Establishment of Prison Terms for Corporate Criminals. Hearings. 108th Cong., 1st sess., October 14-16, 2002.

Subjects: General Research
Tags: apa, citation styles, cite, mla, turabian