Citation Styles: A Brief Guide to APA, MLA and Turabian

Citing Internet Documents

The basic format for a book citation requires listing the author's name, the title of the book, the publisher's name, and the date of publication. Edited books, when cited in full, will list the editor's name instead of an author’s name. 


The basic information needed for Web pages doesn’t differ greatly from the type of information needed to document print sources. When possible, identify an author for the site. This might sometimes be an organization or it might be an individual. When a site identifies no author, treat the website just as you would an anonymous article: lead off the citation with the title rather than with the author. Not all websites identify when they were last updated. Where possible, identify a sponsoring organization and include the organization’s name as part of the citation. If it is difficult to clearly identify responsibility for the information provided, use a fair amount of skepticism about its reliability and look for another source that is more clearly documented.


The example is based on a webpage hosted on the World Health Organization (WHO) website. The webpage is titled "United States of America" and includes statistical and timely information. The website was updated in 2018 and was retrieved on August 12, 2018.


World Health Organization (2018). United States of America.


“United States of America.” World Health Organization, 2020, Accessed 12 August 2018.


Cerfine, Uber R. “Electronic Chat Rooms as Support Groups.” Web Research Topics and Currents. UnReal University Department of Chatology. (accessed August 12, 2008).