Citation Styles: A Brief Guide to APA, MLA and Turabian

Citing Internet Documents

The basic format for a book citation requires listing the author's name, the title of the book, the publisher's name, and the date of publication. Edited books, when cited in full, will list the editor's name instead of an author’s name. 


The basic information needed for Web pages doesn’t differ greatly from the type of information needed to document print sources. When possible, identify an author for the site. This might sometimes be an organization or it might be an individual. When a site identifies no author, treat the website just as you would an anonymous article: lead off the citation with the title rather than with the author. Not all websites identify when they were last updated. If a date is not given, use the abbreviation (n.d.) to indicate that the site was undated. Where possible, identify a sponsoring organization and include the organization’s name as part of the citation. If it is difficult to clearly identify responsibility for the information provided, use a fair amount of skepticism about its reliability and look for another source that is more clearly documented.


When citing an entire website, include the overall title of the site, the name of the organization or individual who maintains the website, the date the site was last updated, the date that the site was visited, and the URL (Internet address) for the site. The following example is based on the website for the television network MTV. Identifying information on the site includes the site name (, the sponsoring organization (MTV Networks), the latest update (9/03/08), the URL (, and the date the site was visited.


MTV Networks. (2008).


MTV Networks. MTV, 2008, Accessed 3 Sept. 2008.


MTV Networks. MTV, 2008. (accessed September 3, 2008).


The example is based on section 3 of the website Web Research Topics and Currents, entitled “Electronic Chat Rooms as Support Groups.” The section was authored by Uber R. Cerfine and was updated in 2007. The site is hosted by UnReal University’s Department of Chatology and was retrieved on August 12, 2008.


Cerfine, U.R. (2007). Electronic chat rooms as support groups. In Web research topics and currents (section 3).


Cerfine, Uber R. “Electronic Chat Rooms as Support Groups.” Web Research Topics and Currents, section 3. 2007. UnReal U Dept. of Chatology. Accessed 12 Aug. 2008.


Cerfine, Uber R. “Electronic Chat Rooms as Support Groups.” Web Research Topics and Currents. UnReal University Department of Chatology. (accessed August 12, 2008).


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