AMA Citations

Detailed breakdowns and examples for our big 3 resource types

Journals

Just a note before we start: A "print" journal refers to one that you are holding in your hand.  Some articles from print journals have been scanned and uploaded to the Internet or housed in library databases which would theoretically make them "online."  Check with your professor on how to treat a digitized article from a print journal.  Some may want you to treat it as print, others may prefer to treat it as an online journal.  Many journals now publish online versions or solely online.  In fact, if you are working with date restrictions to the last 5 or even 10 years, most articles you find will probably come from online journals.  So, since you will probably use online journal articles and the citation for print and online are essentially the same (plus URL and date accessed, of course), let's make an online journal citation.

An article found using the library's OneSearch:

"Fear of acupuncture enhances sympathetic activation to acupuncture stimulation" by In-Seon Lee ; Hee-Jin Jo ; Soon-Ho Lee ; Hyangsook Lee ; Hyejung Lee ; Hi-Joon Park ; Younbyoung Chae. Acupuncture in Medicine (ACUPUNCTURE MED), 2013 Sep; 31 (3): 276-81 PMID: 23644719 NLM UID: 9304117 http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/acupmed-2012-010291 

Let's break it down using the guidelines from the References tab.

Author: Write author names with last name and initial(s) then separate author names with a comma.  There are 7 so we need to list the first 3, followed by et al and a period -  Lee IS, Jo HJ, Lee SH, et al.

Article title: Capitalize the first word and any proper nouns.  Finish with a period - Fear of acupuncture enhances sympathetic activation to acupuncture stimulation.

Journal name: Journal names appear in italics are abbreviated according to the US National Library of Medicine (NLM) fact sheet.  Capitalize all major words and finish with a period - Acupunct Med.

Year, volume, issue, pages: Use no spaces but separate year and volume with a semicolon. Separate volume, issue, and pages by putting issue # in parentheses followed by a colon and then add the pages.  Don't shorten page numbers such as 123-7 or 435-56; enter the whole number.  And finish with a period - 2013;31(3):276-281.

URL: Since URLs can change or break, Digital Object Idendifier (DOI) and PubMed Identification Number (PMID) are acceptable, and often preferable substitues.

Date accessed*Use the standard long format with no abbrviations and finish with a period - Accessed January 8, 2014.

1. Lee IS, Jo HJ, Lee SH, et al. Fear of acupuncture enhances sympathetic activation to acupuncture stimulation. Acupunct Med. 2013;31(3):276-281. PMID: 23644719. Accessed January 8, 2014. 

OR

3. Lee IS, Jo HJ, Lee SH, et al. Fear of acupuncture enhances sympathetic activation to acupuncture stimulation. Acupunct Med. 2013;31(3):276-281. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/acupmed-2012-010291.

*Note: If you have a DOI, you don't have to include the date accessed.  You can finish your citation with the DOI rather than the date you accessed the article.

Books

A note on citing books: While you may cite an entire book, it's more likely that you will cite a chapter or section.  There are 3 breakdowns below; one for the whole book, one for a book in which you use a chapter, and one for an online book.  I'm going to use the same title for all 3 since you can get this book in hardcover but we have access to it in online form.

A book found using OneSearch:

Nutritional And Therapeutic Interventions For Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome book cover
"Nutritional and Therapeurtic Interventions for Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome" By: Sreejayan, Nair; Bagchi, Debasis. Edition: 1st ed. Amsterdam : Academic Press. 2012.

A. Entire Book

Author: Write author names with last name and initial(s) then separate author names with a comma if more than one. Then finish with a period -  Sreejayan N, Bagchi D.

Book title: Capitalize the first word and any proper nouns and italicize.  Finish with a period - Nutritional and therapeurtic interventions for diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

Edition: Indicate edition number if it is after the 1st.  In this case, we have the 1st ed. so we do not include this info.

Place Publication: For books publised in the US, include City and 2-letter State abbreviation separated by a comma and single space.  For those published in other countries, include City and Country.  And finish with a colon - Amsterdam, Netherlands:

Name of Publisher: This is a proper noun so capitalize major words.  Finish with a semicolon - Academic Press;

Year of Publication: The number is fine.  Finish with a period - 2012.

20. Sreejayan N, Bagchi D. Nutritional and therapeurtic interventions for diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Academic Press; 2012.

 



B. Chapter in a
Book 

You'll need all of the same bits plus a little more.  Here's our chapter: Ch. 4 Managing the Broad Spectrum of Type 2 Diabetes / Evelyne Fleury-Milfort

Chapter Author/Editor: If the chapter was written or edited by someone other than the book author/editor, list that here. Write author names with last name and initial(s) then separate author names with a comma if more than one. Finish with a period. Fleury-Milfort E.

Chapter Title: Capitalize the first word and any proper nouns and finish with a period - Managing the broad spectrum of Type 2 Diabetes.

Book Info: Now you need to finish out with the rest of the book information as in the example above.  You'll lead with "In:" (minus the quotation marks) and place a colon after the publication year - In: Sreejayan N, Bagchi D. Nutritional and therapeurtic interventions for diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Academic Press; 2012:

Chapter # or Pages?: Put the inclusive pages for the chapter directly after the colon following the year; no space is needed.  Only use the chapter number if it is not paginated and you cannot obtain the information from the author or publisher.  And finish it all with a period - 43-54.

20. Fleury-Milfort E, Managing the broad spectrum of Type 2 diabetes. In: Sreejayan N, Bagchi D. Nutritional and therapeurtic interventions for diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Academic Press; 2012:43-54.

 



C. Online Book
 

Now let's use the ebook version from the library. For online books, you'll need all of the same information plus a URL and date you accessed it.   Remember, we are using an online version that isn't Kindle or nook compatible.  If you have the book on kindle, check with your prof to see how you should treat it.  

Author: Write author names with last name and initial(s) then separate author names with a comma if more than one. Then finish with a period -  Sreejayan N, Bagchi D.

Book title: Capitalize the first word and any proper nouns and italicize.  Finish with a period - Nutritional and therapeurtic interventions for diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

Edition: Indicate edition number if it is after the 1st.  In this case, we have the 1st ed. so we do not include this info.

Place Publication: For books publised in the US, include City and 2-letter State abbreviation separated by a comma and single space.  For those published in other countries, include City and Country.  And finish with a colon - Amsterdam, Netherlands:

Name of Publisher: This is a proper noun so capitalize major words.  Finish with a semicolon - Academic Press;

Year of Publication: The number is fine.  Finish with a period - 2012.

URL: Few ebooks will have DOI so you should still enter a URL of some sort, even if it is the permalink from a UNF database like OneSearch or the publisher's information page for the ebook.  Finish with a period - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780123850836.

Date accessed: Enter the date in standard long format and close it all with a period - January 9, 2014.

20. Sreejayan N, Bagchi D. Nutritional and therapeurtic interventions for diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Academic Press; 2012. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780123850836. Accessed January 9, 2014.

Websites

To construct a reference for a website, you'll need the same basic info as you needed for books and journal articles, plus the URL, of course.  Sometimes you can't locate all of the information but you should provide as much as possible. You'll finish all elements with a period.

A webpage found while googling "autism":

The Autism fact sheet page from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm 

Author: Write author names with last name and initial(s) then separate author names with a comma if more than one.  If there is no author listed, begin with the title of the specific item - no author.  Move on.

Item title: Capitalize the first word and any proper nouns and italicize.  If no title is apparent, give the name of the organization responsible for the website - Autism fact sheet.

Name of website: This will be a proper name so capitalize all major words and follow with a period - National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

URL:  It's important to verify that the URL still works as close to publication (or due date) as possible.  - http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm.

Date published: This may be at the top or bottom the website.  Look around and find it if you can.  Use the standard long format and begin with the word "Published" - Published September 2009.

Date updated: Same method as date published but begin with the word "Updated" - Updated December 30, 2013.

Date accessed: Same method as date published but begin with the word "Accessed" - Accessed January 9, 2014.

12. Autism fact sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm. Published September 2009. Updated December 30, 2013. Accessed January 9, 2014.

 

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